Earthquake, according to Webster’s Universal Dictionary & Thesaurus, is a violent tremor of the earth’s crust. Earthquake is also a shaking of the ground caused by volcanic activity or movement around geologic faults. The earth’s
Earthquake, according to Webster’s Universal Dictionary & Thesaurus, is a violent tremor of the earth’s crust. Earthquake is also a shaking of the ground caused by volcanic activity or movement around geologic faults. The earth’s crust is made up of rocks that are full of fractures also known as faults. These rocks slip pass one another and the crust rearranges in a process called plate tectonics. That is, earthquakes are caused by the movements of tectonic plates and often occur around the rim of the Pacific Ocean. According to National Geographic, where two plates collide, earthquake occurs, when they run into each other, mountains emerge, when they pull apart, a depression takes place, for example the Mariana’s trench.
Countries that sit on highly seismic areas experience the highest earthquakes like Western Iran, Japan, Greece, South Australia, Central Alaska, Western Turkey, Slovenia and more. The country with the highest number of earthquakes is Indonesia, Japan takes the second position.
The most catastrophic earthquakes happened in China and Turkey and the largest earthquake ever recorded took place in Valdivia, Southern Chile in 1960. It had a magnitude of 9.5 and lasted for 10 minutes killing between 1000 to 6000 people. It also triggered a tsunami. Earthquakes measuring 3 to 5 are minor, 5 to 7 are moderate, 7 to 8 are major and 8 or more are tremendously maleficent.
The deadliest and second largest was in Indonesia, 2004, it had a magnitude of 9.3, triggered a catastrophic tsunami in the India Ocean and is believed to have killed more than 280,000 people in several countries. The Iran and Iraq 7.3 magnitudes quakes killed 328 people and left 2,500 people injured.
In the UK, between 20 to 30 earthquakes are felt each year. The Mid Western and Eastern United States of America also get troubled by earthquakes. However, the first earthquake in America happened in Washington, Oregon, California in 1700 with 8.7 and 9.2 magnitudes and the last just happened in Oklahoma in 2016 with 5.8 magnitudes.
We have noticed that Africa, especially West Africa has little or nil to do with Earthquakes or fat rock plates that slide, simply because of her viridity, concrete jungle and more earth beauty. In 1999, some Nigerians who based in India cried for their motherland when an earthquake disrupted the country. Africa over weigh natural disaster but reek in manmade disaster. Some earthquakes known as induced earthquakes can also occur due to human activities like filling of reservoirs behind dams for water supplies and hydroelectric energy production, extraction of groundwater, oil or gas, underground injection of water for geothermal energy production and underground injection of waste water from the oil and gas industries and since 2009, earthquakes induced by wastewater disposal has increased in some parts of some countries.
More so, Ogun and Oyo states in Nigeria are the two states expecting earthquakes before 2020 if necessary measures are not taken to curtail the extraction of underground water but, there is an ongoing earthquake right now in Nigeria.
This earthquake is like a display of scorn, a political performance, an occurrence of doom. This earthquake is unnecessarily moronic, long, wide, piercing and deepening into the people of Nigeria. As you journey to Benue, this earthquake stands out enormously like a recalcitrant war. As you make for the North, this earthquake overturns various automobiles. This earthquake is somersaulting, it has bifurcated our people into two halves, celebrating a sun coloured ocean in their middle. Immediately after Rivers State, this earthquake diabolically commences, annihilating and demolishing through Igbo states till a dead end that resembles a carved crater.
Migraines are conjured by this earthquake and as vehicles move, the earthquake refuses their penetrations and most times throw them down in the wrestling bout. Babies on board cry, ‘Oh this bad road’ but adults know that that is an earthquake, an opprobrium to democracy that Nigeria claims to practise. We are part of this macabre earthquake that is religiously and ethnically ululated. Your surname might even be metamorphosed through this earthquake while you pass that Abia State road.
In short, this earthquake is as wrong as sin.